This site uses cookies. By continuing, your consent is assumed. Learn more

96.4fm shares

Types of sexual transmission diseases

opinion
Porn FuckBook Types of sexual transmission diseases.

Approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. For more complete information about STIs, you may want to visit http: Why are sexually Types of sexual transmission diseases diseases STDs and sexually transmitted infections STIs of particular concern for pregnant women?

Share Facebook Twitter Types of sexual transmission diseases Email. Here are descriptions of some common STIs. Can be treated with antibiotics If untreated, can cause pelvic inflammatory diseasewhich can lead to chronic pelvic pain and permanent damage to a woman's reproductive organs. Can be transmitted to fetus during pregnancy or to infant during delivery, causing eye infections or pneumonia. Antibiotic ointment is usually applied to a baby's eyes after birth to treat undetected chlamydia.

Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their health care Types of sexual transmission diseases. To prevent health complications and sexual transmission, treatment should be provided promptly for all persons testing positive for infection, and recent sexual partners should be treated at the same time to prevent reinfection.

Infected individuals should follow their health care provider's recommendations about how long to abstain from sex after the treatment is completed to avoid passing the infection back and forth. Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which can grow and multiply rapidly in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract Most common symptoms include discharge from the vagina or penis and painful or Types of sexual transmission diseases urination.

Can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy 2 Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their health care provider.

Foto sex threesome

HIV-infected people with gonorrhea are also more likely to transmit the virus to someone else. Caused by the herpes simplex virus HSV 4 There are two different strains, or types: Both can cause Types of sexual transmission diseases herpes, although most cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV Symptoms of HSV-2 are typically painful, watery skin blisters on or around the genitals or anus. However, substantial numbers of people who carry these viruses have no or only minimal signs or symptoms.

Cannot be cured, but can be controlled with medication One medication can be taken daily to make it less likely that Types of sexual transmission diseases infection will pass on to sex partner s or to infants during childbirth.

If a pregnant woman has an outbreak when she goes into labor, she may need to have a cesarean section C-section to prevent the infant from getting the virus during birth. Destroys the body's immune system by killing the blood cells that fight infection. Once HIV destroys a substantial proportion of these cells, the body's ability to fight off and recover from infections is compromised.

People whose HIV infection has progressed to AIDS have a weakened immune system and are very susceptible to opportunistic infections that do not normally make people sick and to certain forms of cancer. In people who do not have HIV, the infection can be prevented by many tools, including abstaining from sex, limiting the number of sexual partners, never Types of sexual transmission diseases needles, and using condoms appropriately.

PrEP will not work if it is not taken consistently. Transmission of the virus primarily occurs during unprotected sexual activity and by sharing needles used to inject intravenous drugs.

HIV can also spread from mother to fetus during pregnancy and from mother to infant during delivery and Types of sexual transmission diseases. However, treatments are available that can virtually eliminate these types of transmission. More than 40 HPV types exist, and all of them can infect both men and women. The types of HPVs vary in their ability to cause genital warts; infect other regions of the body, including the mouth and throat; and cause cancers of the cervix, vulva, penis, anus, and mouth.

Regular screening with a Pap smear test can prevent or detect at an Types of sexual transmission diseases stage most cases of HPV-caused cervical cancer.

Jockey and elance and bikini

A Pap smear test involves a health care provider taking samples of cells from the cervix during a standard gynecologic exam; these cells are examined under a microscope for signs of developing cancer. Two available vaccines protect against most but not all HPV types that cause cervical cancer.

Hot redhead sucking

A group advising the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends this vaccine for boys and girls starting at 11 or 12 years old. Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum Passes from person to person during vaginal, anal, or oral sex through direct contact with syphilis sores Syphilis can also be spread from an infected mother to her fetus.

But the syphilis rate has increased nearly every year up tothe most recent year for which data are available. Rates have Types of sexual transmission diseases among both men and women, but men account for a vast majority of syphilis cases.

Chancres typically resolve on their own, but the body does not clear the infection on its own.

Blonde teen babe and mature man

Chancres make a person two to five times more likely to contract an HIV infection. If recognized during the early stages, usually within the first year of infection, syphilis can be treated with a single injection of antibiotic. Types of sexual transmission diseases not recognized early, or not treated immediately, syphilis may need longer treatment with antibiotics.

Usually spreads to other organs, including the skin, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints in secondary syphilis. Other sores, such as a syphilis rash, can break out in later stages. Tertiary syphilis can develop over a period of years and involve the nerves, eyes, and brain and can potentially cause death. Can pass to the fetus during pregnancy and to the infant during delivery Infants who get syphilis infection in the womb may have misshapen bones, very low red blood cell Types of sexual transmission diseases called severe anemiaenlarged liver and spleen, jaundice yellowing of the skin or eyes Types of sexual transmission diseases, nerve problems, blindness or deafness, meningitis, and skin rashes.

Persons with syphilis must notify their sex partners so that they also can be tested and receive treatment if necessary. Pregnant women with syphilis, especially untreated syphilis, are at an increased risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.

Occurs when problematic bacteria that Types of sexual transmission diseases normally present only in small amounts in the body increase in number. Their levels get so high that they replace normal vaginal bacteria and upset the usual balance.

related stories

More likely if a woman douches frequently or has new or multiple sexual partners Most common symptom is a thin, milky discharge that is often described as having a "fishy" odor. However, some women will have no symptoms at all.

Can be treated with antibiotics, typically metronidazole or clindamycin Generally, sexual partners of women with bacterial vaginosis do not need to be treated because treatment of partners has not been shown to reduce the risk of recurrence. Treatment is recommended for all pregnant women who show symptoms. Caused 14 by the single-celled parasite Trichomonas vaginalis Common in young, sexually active women but also infects men, though less frequently The parasite can be transmitted between men and women as well as between women whenever physical contact occurs between the genital areas.

Can cause frequent, painful, or "burning" urination in men and women as well as vaginal discharge, genital soreness, Types of sexual transmission diseases, or itching in women. However, it may not cause any symptoms. Because the infection can occur without symptoms, a person may be unaware that he or she is infected and continue to re-infect Types of sexual transmission diseases sexual partner who is having recurrent signs of infection.

Can be treated with a single dose of an antibiotic, usually either metronidazole or tinidazole, taken by mouth Because of re-infection, it is important to make sure that the diagnosed individual and all sexual partners are treated at the same time. Retesting is recommended for all sexually active women within 3 months after initial treatment even if they believe their partners were treated. Stillbirth and newborn death are more than twice as likely among pregnant women with Trichomonas infection than Types of sexual transmission diseases uninfected pregnant women.

Caused by several different viral strains More information about hepatitis A, B, and C can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.

Guys orgasming

Hepatitis A virus HAV: Causes a short-term or self-limited liver infection that can be quite serious. Does not result in chronic infection. Can be transmitted during sexual activity and through oral-anal contact. Vaccination can prevent HAV infection. Usually the infection gets better on its own without requiring treatment. In some cases, however, individuals may have such severe nausea and Types of sexual transmission diseases that they must be admitted to the hospital or may have lasting damage to their livers.

Causes a serious liver infection that can result in both immediate illness and lifelong infection and disease, leading to permanent liver scarring cirrhosiscancer, liver failure, and death. Can be treated with antiviral medications. Vaccination can prevent HBV infection. Spreads through sexual contact, as well as through contact with other bodily fluids, such as blood; through shared contaminated needles used for injecting intravenous drugs; and through tattooing and piercing.

Pregnant women with HBV can transmit the virus to their infants during delivery, but a series of vaccinations and a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin for the baby beginning at birth can prevent this transmission. Without vaccination, babies born to women with HBV infection can develop chronic infection, which can lead to serious health problems. These individuals need to take special Types of sexual transmission diseases not to pass on the virus to their sexual partners, and sexual partners should receive hepatitis B vaccine if they are not already immune.

Browser warning

Serious infection of the liver that can cause an immediate illness but that, in most people, becomes a silent, chronic infection Types of sexual transmission diseases leads to liver scarring cirrhosiscancer, liver failure, and death Most infected people may not be aware of their infection because they do not develop symptoms.

Most commonly transmitted through sharing needles or exposure to infected blood. Less commonly, it can spread through sexual contact or from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. New medications seem to be more effective and have fewer side effects than previous options. An infection caused by a virus.


YOU ARE HERE: