Fortieth is a 7 of 40 religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six 7 of 40 later, before Easter Sunday. The purpose of Lent is the preparation of the believer for Easter through prayerdoing penancemortifying the fleshrepentance of sins, almsgivingand self-denial. In Lent, many Christians commit to fastingas well as giving up certain luxuries in order to replicate the sacrifice of Jesus Christ's journey into the desert for 40 days.
Many Roman Catholic and some Protestant churches remove flowers from their altars, while crucifixesreligious statues, and other 7 of 40 religious symbols are often veiled in violet fabrics in solemn observance of the event.
Throughout Christendomsome adherents mark the season with the traditional abstention from the consumption of meat, most notably among Lutherans, Roman Catholics and Anglicans.
Lent is traditionally described as lasting for 40 days, in commemoration of the 40 days Jesus spent fasting in the desertaccording to the Gospels of MatthewMark and Lukebefore beginning his public ministryduring which he endured temptation by Satan. The English word Lent is a shortened form of the Old English word len c tenmeaning " spring season ", as its Dutch language cognate lente Old Dutch lentin  still does today. According to the Oxford English Dictionary'the shorter form?
The origin of the - en element is less clear: In languages spoken where Christianity was earlier established, such as Greek and Latinthe 7 of 40 signifies the period dating from the 40th day before Easter.
The corresponding word in Latin, quadragesima "fortieth"7 of 40 the origin of the term used in Latin-derived languages and in some others: In other languages, the name used refers to the activity associated with the season. Various Christian denominations calculate the 40 days of Lent differently. The way they observe Lent also differs.
This comprises a period of 46 days. This includes six Sundays which are not considered part of Lent. The day for beginning the Lenten fast is the following Monday, the first weekday in Lent. Until this rite was revised by Saint Charles Borromeo the liturgy of the First Sunday of Lent was festive, celebrated in white vestments with chanting of the 7 of 40 in Excelsis and Alleluiain line with the recommendation in 7 of 40 6: The period of Lent observed in the Eastern Catholic Churches corresponds to that in other churches of Eastern Christianity that have similar traditions.
In the Byzantine Ritei. The 40 days of Great Lent 7 of 40 Sundays, and begins on Clean Monday and are immediately followed by what are considered distinct periods of fasting, Lazarus Saturday and Palm Sundaywhich in turn are followed straightway by Holy Week. The Eastern Orthodox Church maintains the traditional Church's teaching on fasting. The rules for lenten fasting are the monastic rules.
Fasting in the Orthodox Church is more than simply abstaining from certain foods. During the Great Lent Orthodox Faithful intensify their prayers and spiritual exercises, go to church services more often, study the Scriptures and the works of the Church Fathers in depth, limit their entertainment and spendings and focus on charity and good works.
Among the Oriental Orthodoxthere are various local traditions regarding Lent. Those using the Alexandrian Ritei. In Ethiopian Orthodoxy, fasting tsome lasts for 55 continuous days before Easter Fasikaalthough the fast is divided into three separate periods: One of the most important ceremonies at Easter is the baptism of the initiates on Easter Eve.
The fast was initially undertaken by the catechumens to prepare them for the reception of this sacrament. Later, the period of fasting from Good Friday until Easter Day was extended to six days, to correspond with the six weeks of training necessary to give the final instruction to those converts who were to be baptized.
Converts to Christianity followed a strict catechumenate or period of instruction and discipline prior to receiving the sacrament of baptismsometimes lasting up to three years. With the legalization of Christianity by the Edict of Milan and its later imposition as the state religion of the Roman Empireits character was endangered by 7 of 40 great influx of new members. In response, the Lenten fast and practices of self-renunciation were required annually of all Christians, both to show solidarity with the catechumens, and for their own spiritual benefit.
There are traditionally 40 days in Lent; these are marked by fasting, both from foods and 7 of 40, and by other acts of penance. The three traditional practices to be taken up with renewed vigour during Lent are prayer justice towards Godfasting justice towards selfand almsgiving justice towards neighbours. However, in 7 of 40 times, observers give up 7 of 40 in vices and often invest the time or money saved in charitable purposes or organizations. In addition, some believers add a regular spiritual discipline, to bring them closer to God, such as reading a Lenten daily devotional.
In some Christian countries, grand religious processions and cultural customs are observed, and the faithful attempt to visit seven churches during Holy Week in honor of Jesus Christ heading to Mount Calvary. Thus, it is known in Eastern Orthodox 7 of 40 as the season of "Bright Sadness". It is a season of sorrowful reflection which is punctuated by breaks in the fast on Sundays.
The Gloria in excelsis Deowhich is 7 of 40 said or sung on Sundays at Mass or Communion of the Roman and Anglican ritesis omitted on the Sundays of Lent, but continues in use on solemnities and feasts and on special celebrations of a more solemn kind.
The Gloria is used on Maundy Thursdayto the accompaniment of bells, which then fall silent until the Gloria in excelsis of the Easter Vigil. The Lutheran Divine Servicethe Roman Rite of 7 of 40 Catholic Church 7 of 40 the Presbyterian service of worship associate the Alleluia with joy and omit it entirely throughout Lent,   not only at Mass but also in the canonical hours and outside the liturgy.
The word "Alleluia" at the beginning and end of the Acclamation Before the Gospel at Mass is replaced by another phrase.
Beforethe omission began with Septuagesimaand the whole Acclamation was omitted and was replaced by a 7 of 40 ; and in the Liturgy of the Hours the word "Alleluia", normally added to 7 of 40 Gloria Patri at the beginning of each Hour - now simply omitted during Lent - was replaced by the phrase Laus tibi, Domine, rex aeternae gloriae Praise to you, O Lord, king 7 of 40 eternal 7 of 40. Until the Ambrosian Rite was revised by Saint Charles Borromeo the liturgy of the First Sunday of Lent was festive, celebrated with chanting of the Gloria and Alleluia, in line with the recommendation in Matthew 6: In the Byzantine Ritethe Gloria Great Doxology continues to be used in its normal place in the Matins service, and the 7 of 40 appears all the more frequently, replacing "God is the Lord" at Matins.
In certain pious Christian statesin which liturgical forms of Christianity predominate, religious objects were traditionally veiled for the entire 40 days of Lent.
Though perhaps uncommon in the United States of America, this pious practice is consistently observed in GoaMalta, Peru, the Philippines the latter only for the entire duration of Holy Week, with the exception of processional imagesand in the Spanish cities: In Ireland, before Vatican IIwhen impoverished rural Catholic convents and parishes could not afford purple fabrics, they resorted to either removing the statues altogether or, if too heavy or bothersome, turned the statues to face the wall.
As is popular custom, the 14 Stations of the Cross plaques on the 7 of 40 are not veiled. Crucifixes made before the time of Saint Francis of Assisi did not have a corpus body of Christ and therefore were adorned with jewels and gemstones, which was referred to as Crux Gemmatae. To keep the faithful from adoring the crucifixes elaborated with ornamentation, veiling it in royal purple fabrics came into place.
The violet colour later evolved as a color of penance and mourning. Further liturgical changes in modernity reduced such observances to the last week of Passiontide. In parishes that could afford 7 of 40 small quantities of violet fabrics, only the heads of the statues were veiled. If no violet fabrics could be afforded at all, then the 7 of 40 statues and images were turned around facing the wall.
Tantalizing 7 of 40 xxx images
Flowers were always removed as a 7 of 40 of solemn mourning. In the pre Methodist liturgy 7 of 40 pre forms of the Roman Rite, the last two weeks of Lent are known as Passiontidea period beginning on the Fifth Sunday in Lent, which in the edition of the Roman Missal is called the First Sunday in Passiontide and in earlier editions Passion Sunday.
All statues and in England paintings as well in the church were traditionally veiled in violet.
This was seen as in keeping with the Gospel of that 7 of 40 John 8: Within many churches in the United States of America, after the Second Vatican Council, the need to veil statues or crosses became increasingly irrelevant and was deemed unnecessary by some diocesan bishops. As a result, the veils were removed at the singing of the Gloria in Excelsis Deo during the Easter Vigil. Inthe name "Passiontide" was dropped, although the last two weeks are markedly different from the rest of the season, and continuance of the tradition of veiling 7 of 40 is left to the discretion of a country's conference of bishops or even to individual parishes as pastors may wish.
On Good Fridaythe Anglican, Lutheran, and Methodist churches traditionally veiled "all pictures, statutes, and the cross are covered in mourning black", while "the chancel and altar coverings are replaced with black, and altar candles are extinguished". The fabrics are then "replaced with white on sunrise on Easter Sunday ". The carnival celebrations which in many cultures traditionally precede Lent are seen as a last opportunity for excess before Lent begins.
Sometimes, it is the peak of the pre-Lenten festival, while sometimes it is largely occupied with preparations for Lent.
The observances vary from culture to culture, and even from town to town. For Catholics, it was meant to be a day of remembrance of the dead ones.
However, zakara which means 7 of 40, in Arabic was gradually replaced by sakara meaning "getting drunk" in Arabicand so the occasion came to be known as Khamis el sakarawherein celebrants indulge themselves with alcoholic beverages.
Fasting during Lent was more prominent in ancient times than today.
Socrates Scholasticus reports that in some places, 7 of 40 animal products were strictly forbidden, while various others permitted fish, or fish and fowl, others prohibited fruit and eggs, and still others permitted only bread. In many places, the 7 of 40 abstained from food for a whole day until the evening, and at sunset, Western Christians traditionally broke the Lenten fast, which was often known as the Black Fast.
For other Latin Catholics, by the early 20th century the theoretical obligation of the penitential fast throughout Lent except on Sundays was to take only one full meal a day.
In addition, a smaller meal, called a collationwas allowed in the evening, and a cup of some beverage, accompanied by a little bread, in the morning. In practice, this obligation, which was a matter of custom rather than of written law, was not observed strictly. The Lenten fast ended on Holy Saturday at noon. Only those aged 21 to 59 were obliged to fast.
As with all merely ecclesiastical 7 of 40, particular difficulties, such as strenuous work or illness, excused one from observance, and a dispensation from the law could be granted by a bishop or parish priest. In addition to fasting, abstinence from meat was to be observed on Ash Wednesday and on Fridays and Saturdays in Lent. Rather portions were to be: Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, 7 of 40 allowed episcopal conferences to "substitute abstinence and fast wholly or in part with other forms of penitence and especially works of charity and the exercises of piety".
The historic Methodist homilies regarding the Sermon on the Mount stress the importance of the Lenten fast, which begins on Ash Wednesday. There is a strong biblical base for fasting, particularly during the 40 days of Lent leading to the celebration 7 of 40 Easter.